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​​​​​Common ​Side Effects of Heart Failure Medications

 

Blood Pressure Medications

Beta blockers: carvedilol (Coreg), bisoprolol (Zebeta), metoprolol succinate (Toprol XL)

Common side effects: Feeling tired, dizziness, wheezing/shortness of breath, low blood pressure and a slow heart rate.

Stopping beta blockers suddenly can cause symptoms to get worse.  Don't abruptly stop taking any medications without talking to your doctor/nurse.

 

ACE inhibitors: lisinopril (Prinivil), enalapril (Vasotec), ramipril (Altace)

Common side effects: Dizziness, low blood pressure, changes in kidney function, dry cough, increased potassium levels and swelling in your lips or throat.

 

Angiotensin receptor blockers: losartan (Cozaar), valsartan (Diovan), candesartan (Atacand)

Common side effects: Dizziness, low blood pressure, changes in kidney function and increased potassium levels.

 

Neprilysin inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker: sacubitril and valsartan (Entresto)

Common side effects: Dizziness, low blood pressure, changes in kidney function and increased potassium levels.

 

Vasodilators: hydralazine (Apresoline), isosorbide dinitrate (Isordil), isosorbide-hydralazine (BiDil)

Common side effects: Low blood pressure, dizziness, headache and nausea.

 

Antiarrhythmic​ Agents

Cardiac glycosides: digoxin (Lanoxin)

Common side effects: Nausea, poor appetite, digestive problems, yellow tinge or halos in your vision (sign of toxicity) and abnormal heart rhythm (dizziness/palpitations).

 ​​

Diuretics (water pill)

Loop diuretics: furosemide (Lasix), bumetanide (Bumex) torsemide (Demadex)

Common side effects: Increased urination, dizziness, low blood pressure, dehydration, changes in kidney function, ringing or buzzing in ears, skin rash or hives, increased blood sugar levels and gout.

 

Aldosterone Antagonists: spironolactone (Aldactone), eplerenone (Inspra)

Common side effects: Changes in kidney function, increased potassium levels, and swelling or tenderness in breasts (men and women).

 

Miscellaneous Cardiac Agents

Medication: ivabradine (Corlanor)

Common side effects: Dizziness, slow heartbeat, chest pain, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, headache, feeling tired and changes in eyesight, including brightness caused by sudden changes in light.​

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